Cape Cod Massachusetts renamed just ‘The Cape’…

Fish_Chips


“[H]ow many fish do we need?– it is possible to come up with a very rough estimate. Currently the world’s wild catch measures 170 billion pounds– the equivalent in weight to the entire human population of China, scooped up and sliced, sauteed, poached, baked, and deep-fried, year in and year out, every single year. This is a lot of fish– six times greater than the amount of fish we took from the ocean half a century ago…

Of course with the advent of industrial factory fishing, a different kind of ecology was established, one where the climax community that came to dominate the continental shelf was not a fish of the order Gadiformes but rather a hominid of the order Primates…

But cod present an interesting twist on the old model of threatened-species recovery. Both humans and codfish require extreme abundance of codfish for their continued prosperity. At the world’s present rate of consumption, humanity needs about 40 billion pounds of cod-like fish annually, more or less the size of the entire Grand Banks codfish population at its highest recorded level ever, every single year. And by the late 1990s, it had already become apparent that some drastic measures had to be taken to try to restore the abundance of cod. In the period between 1962, when codfish stocks were still healthy and menu items like McDonald’s Filet-O-Fish sandwich were invented and produced at a cost of less than twenty-five cents a sandwich, and 1994, when most cod stocks were considered ‘collapsed’ (collapsed generally being defined as a state where 90 percent or more of the historical population is gone), the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom all went from being net exporters to net importers of not just cod but all fish.”

Four Fish